UTHSCSA also engages in academic and research partnerships with our sister institution, The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). Established in 1969, UTSA is the 3rd largest component of the UT system with nearly 29,000 students (including ~800 predoctoral graduate students) on a main campus of 600 acres that is ~15 miles from UTHSCSA. UTSA had a $532 million operating budget in 2015, is a Minority Serving Institution (like UTHSCSA), and is strategically expanding its research capacity and infrastructure among its 8 colleges that offer 158 degree programs (66 master’s and 24 doctoral level). The UTSA research enterprise was supported by $51 million in research and other sponsored programs in 2015. Extensive scientific collaborations are already established between UTHSCSA and UTSA investigators. This includes two joint PhD programs, i.e., Biomedical Engineering and Translational Science. These joint research education and training endeavors have received substantial support by the University of Texas System and are expected to further strengthen the research environment and programs of both institutions. In addition, the UT System via the Texas legislature has authorized and funded (since 2003) the San Antonio Life Sciences Institute (SALSI) to promote greater scientific collaboration between UTHSCSA and UTSA. SALSI capitalizes on talented investigators at both institutions to address the research, teaching, and service missions and to increase the research-funding base with cross campus collaborative programs that yield innovative discoveries and improved technology. Last year, SALSI also enabled a highly competitive postdoctoral research collaboration, and this year, plans to provide stipend/salary support for one postdoctoral trainee at each location. As with other San Antonio research entities, UTSA postdoctoral trainees and mentors are enthusiastic and active participants in UTHSCSA postdoctoral career development programs.